I just start reading today about this topic, I am reading “Step by Step to stand up Comedy”, so I will be a fantastic public speaker this is one of my goals in life.
To study better I do abstracts, for the first chapter.
Every joke has a setup and a punch, the setup can be a story and the punch a second story, Example: “I have been married and living with the woman that I love, if my wife finds that she kill me.”
To work correctly with jokes, we must Know that all us make assumptions, you can use that to create the surprise of the punch, you fist gain the attention and after that you surprise them with something unexpected but related with your first story.
Some jokes just have the punch, like a man in a bike with square wheels. The assumption of the wheels are circles setup the moment to that kind of joke.
Other observation is you can set up the story and make them guess what follow, like this joke “In a restaurant there were waiters to everything, the water waiter brought the water, the table waiter put the table, and the heat waiter…” so you can guess :).
The aim of a joke is to play with the assumptions of others using Reinterpretation because things can be interpreted in several ways, like in this story. ” My grandfather died peacefully in his sleep. But the kids on his bus were screaming”